The supplier teams counter known as parents table, which is the stand that another important mention

The supplier teams counter known as parents table, which is the stand that another important mention

Summary: with this information, you will see utilizing the SQLite mysterious principal limitation to apply the dating between associated information.

SQLite mysterious important restriction service

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To check out whether your form of SQLite helps mysterious trick constraints or maybe not, you make use of the next management.

In the event that SQLite archive is definitely created with mysterious principal limitation support, the application may use the PRAGMA foreign_keys demand to permit or disable unknown important regulations at runtime.

To disable unknown secret limitation:

Help overseas important restriction:

Intro to the SQLite foreign key restrictions

Letas begin with two dining tables: sellers and supplier_groups :

Making the assumption that each supplier belongs to only one seller party. And each vendor team own zero or many providers. The connection between supplier_groups and companies dining tables happens to be one-to-many. Quite simply, for every single row in suppliers table, there exists a corresponding row for the supplier_groups counter.

At this time, it’s impossible to keep you against including a-row into companies stand without a matching strip when you look at the supplier_groups dinner table.

Plus, perhaps you may remove a row from inside the supplier_groups counter without deleting or modernizing the corresponding lines inside the manufacturers dining table. This could put orphaned lines into the retailers dining table.

To enforce the relationship between lines within the dealers and supplier_groups dinner table, you make use of the foreign important constraints.

To increase the overseas trick restriction toward the dealers desk, an individual replace the meaning of the GENERATE DESK account above the following:

The supplier_groups desk is named a parent stand, the stand that an overseas principal references. The sellers counter is referred to as a baby desk, which is the counter to which the overseas trick limitation uses.

SQLite mysterious important limitation example

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Very first, add three rows into the supplier_groups stand.

Secondly, put a brand new trader inside providers desk with the vendor cluster that is out there inside the supplier_groups dinner table.

This account is effective absolutely quality.

Last, make an effort to put a brand new seller to the providers stand using provider party that doesn’t exist in the supplier_groups table.

SQLite examined the unknown principal restriction, denied the alteration, and distributed the subsequent error content:

SQLite international trick constraint actions

What would arise if you should get rid of a-row in supplier_groups stand? Really should the corresponding rows in manufacturers dining table also are erased? Only one points around the up-date functions.

To indicate just how mysterious secret limitation acts whenever the elder important try wiped or upgraded, you employ the upon ERASE or ON POSTING measures the following:

Used, the ideals from the principal input the mother counter dont adjust hence the improve principles is much less essential. The more vital law would be the ELIMINATE rule that points out the experience after rear principal is definitely wiped.

Weall examine each measures because of the sticking with illustration

fix NULL

When the mother or father important changes, remove or revise, the related youngster points ly rows from inside the baby stand set to NULL.

Initially, fall and produce the stand dealers utilising the preset NOTHING motions for that collection_id international principal:

Next, insert some rows inside suppliers desk:

One-third, eliminate the vendor party id 3 from the supplier_groups desk:

Last, query facts from the sellers counter.

The standards associated with cluster_id column of corresponding lines within the manufacturers table set to NULL.


The preset DEFAULT motions set value of the international secret to the default advantages chosen into the column explanation as soon as you make the dinner table.

Since the standards when you look at the column team_id non-payments to NULL, should you remove a row through the supplier_groups dining table, the principles associated with the party_id will set to NULL.

After appointing the nonpayment price, the international principal limitation kicks in and brings the consult.


The LIMIT motion cannot lets you changes or delete beliefs when you look at the moms and dad secret associated with moms and dad table.

Very first, shed and produce the companies table on your LESSEN motion through the foreign principal group_id :

Secondly, insert a row to the stand vendors because of the team_id 1.

One-third, get rid of the trader people with id 1 from your supplier_groups desk:

SQLite given the subsequent oversight:

To correct it, you need to very first eliminate all lines within the manufacturers stand and that has class_id 1:

Next, you are able to get rid of the dealer cluster 1 from supplier_groups stand:


The NO ACTION does not imply by-pass the overseas key constraint. It provides the same result since RESTRICT .


The SUCCESSION actions propagates modifications within the mother or father table for the youngster dining table after you upgrade or eliminate the parent principal.

First of all, add the company associations into supplier_groups counter:

Secondly, lower and make the desk providers by using the SUCCESSION activity into the foreign key collection_id :

One-third, place some dealers into the stand manufacturers :

Last, upgrade class_id of home-based company party to 100:

Fifth, search info from your dinner table companies :

As you can tell the exact value within the party_id column belonging to the XYZ Corp within the desk manufacturers modified from 1 to 100 whenever we refreshed team_id from inside the suplier_groups desk. Essentially the results of ON REVISE CASCADE actions.

Sixth, delete seller cluster id 2 through the supplier_groups stand:

Seventh, search information from your table retailers :

The provider identification 2 whose collection_id is definitely 2 am removed after seller party identification document 2 am taken off the supplier_groups dining table. Here is the effect of the concerning DELETE WATERFALL actions.

Within this information, you may have learned all about SQLite overseas trick restriction and how to make use of them to cause the connection between similar dining tables.